James Nachtwey was a war photographer, who was born in 1948. He has been injured dozens of times during his career, he stated that “I get very calm when I’m in a firefight, But I get really nervous about speaking in front of an audience in Kristiansund”. His images are very powerful, they show emotion and pain.
Born in 1820, Nadar worked as a caricaturist, a journalist, a novelist, a balloonist and a photographer.
Born in 1920, Helmut Newton was a German Photographer. Newton dies in 2004 after a career as a fashion photographer. Newton’s images featured in many publications, in particular in Vogue. His images are quite provocative and some even erotic, being in black and white gives the images a classic nostalgic feel.
Nielson, C R
Cameron R. Nielson is an architectural photograph but has a unique way of capturing the buildings. Nielson is based in New York, and captures the buildings looking straight up, at street level. Her images capture the height of the buildings, which produces an interesting take on architectural photography, it provides a simple composition whilst being able to see the structures. The images are all in black and white, I believe this is a good choice as with the clear skies and the greys of the buildings, nothing detracts from the image, whereas with colour the image would look a lot different. I find this an interesting take on architecture, as it is shown from the view of a pedestrian in the middle of a busy city. It captures the skyline uniquely.
Martin Parr is a British photographer born in 1952. His images are very bright, and uses unusual colours. He believes that published images have a power over the people, which he calls propaganda, he aims to counter this notion using seduction, criticism and humour. His images tend to explore how we live our lives, our humanity. He looks at how people identify themselves, for example national characteristics. He has published dozens of books and has exhibited over the world. He stated that, “With photography, I like to create fiction out of reality. I try and do this by taking society’s natural prejudice and giving this a twist”. I like the ideas behind his images, but I find some of them too ‘garish’.
Irving Penn was born in 1917. He worked as an assistant at Vogue magazine, where his job was to suggest ideas for the images on the covers. After a while, his boss allowed him to compose and photograph the covers. His images of still life are iconic, everything is balanced and the lighting is just right and not too harsh. I like the image of the melted cheese with the pear. The red pear contrasted against the rest of the image and adds a new texture and colour, as well as the cheese oozing out adds a different texture.
Alex Prager, is an American filmmaker and photographer. His images are staged and designed to the last detail. He uses models and everything in his images have a place. He calls it ‘mise en scene’.
Man Ray became a major influence of the Surrealist movement. He was a visual artist born in America.
Terry Richardson is a well-known fashion photographer, but he may not be famous for all the right reasons. During his career he has received several complaints about his conduct during photo shoots. Jamie Peck, who is a journalist, claims she was abused by him, in one instance he grab her breast. She felt pressurized into allowing it to happen as she claims her agent told them to ‘make a good impression’. He had also had several lawsuits filed against him. There has even been a online petition entitled “Big Brands: Stop using alleged sex offender & pornographic Terry Richardson as your photographer”. He even goes as far as to remove his own clothes during photo shoots, he defends his decision by stating that it makes the models more comfortable when they pose naked. Gabriela Johansson stated that during her photo shoot, he ‘pushed aggressively’ for her to pose naked. Another model, Charlotte Waters, stated that she felt that she ‘was completely a sex puppy at this point’. His assistants have defended him, but many of the complaints also stated that the assistants were involved in helping him. But he denies all of these claims. He has also photographed celebrity portraits and has not received any complaints from them. His images are very explicit and there is a fine line between art and pornography and I believe his images fall into the whole side of that line. They have a way of making the viewer seem uncomfortable when looking at them.
German photographer, Florain Ritter was born in 1981. For close to two years, he travelled the world, during this time he photographed things he saw, when he returned he was dedicated to following photography as a career. He mainly concentrates on landscape photography. His images are stunning, the show contrast between the sky and the landscape, which also provides atmospheric images.
Kait Robinson is a portrait fashion photographer. Her images have an affinity for retro styles. She doesn’t pose her subjects too much as she wants a natural look, she also avoids eye contact in certain images, as she wants to enforce the fact that the photographer is absent. Alex Prager is her inspiration. Her images are free, clear and bright, but there is something psychological about them. Similar to Gregory Crewdson and Jeff Walls work, there is some thing else there. Fro example, her image of a women lying on the bed, with the reflection through a window with the blinds and a man causing the shadow. This image has a very retro feeling, whilst incorporating something psychology for the viewers to work out.
Aaron Ruell is an American photographer and director who creates bold, colourful images. Ruell’s images are very detailed, which hails form his work as a director.
Sebastiao Salgado is a Brazilian economist turned photographer. He first discovered photography when he wife gave me a Pentax camera. He stated that, “The First Time I Looked Through it I knew I had found a new way to relate to things…It was so fantastic to be able to freeze a moment and then to have it in my hands. From that moment photography became my life”. He eventually decided to quit his job and became a professional photography after taking his camera with him wherever he went. “Photography is not objective. It is deeply subjective – my photography is consistent ideologically and ethically with the person I am…One Photograph takes one 250th of a second to take…So If I Have An Exhibition That has 250 Pictures, that is just one second! I have just one second to tell a story”. In his work entitled Genesis, he aimed to photograph the places that are least touched by mankind. He described his work as “love letter to the earth and to the resilience of nature”. He wanted to photograph the elements that gave birth to life, fire, water and air. He started using a digital camera but has decided to treat it like a film, so he doesn’t check his images straight away. I really like his images, as they show nature at its rawest form, at it’s best.
Nicholas Samaras is an underwater photographer. He is passionate and dedicated to the marine world and succeeds in capturing the beauty and importance of the sea.
Cindy Sherman was born in 1954; she is an American film director and a photographer. She graduated from the Buffalo State College, and went on to take self-portraits, where she would create images, which challenged the stereotypes of woman. She used television, films and magazine for her inspiration in creating her images. Her images have sold for millions at auction. To me, some of her images seem overproduced and ‘fake’.
Wedding photography is an important part of a couple’s day. Janae Shields is a wedding photographer based in San Francisco. She attended the Brooks Institute of Photography, and upon leaving decided to pursue a career as a wedding photographer. She has been awarded the Wedding and Portrait Photographers International Award. She utilizes natural daylight whilst incorporating nature and the couple into the images.
Quentin Shih is a filmmaker and a photographer based in New York and Beijing. Shih started out taking photographs for local musicians whilst in college. He now creates images for brands such as Sony, Microsoft, Siemens and Adidas. He was named Photographer Of The Year in 2007 by Esquire Magazine in China. His images are often surround with darkness with the lighting concentrated on one particular part of the image.
Smith, W E
W.Eugene Smith was born in 1918, he died in 1978. He began his photographic career, working at News-Week, however he was fired as he refused to use a medium-format camera. He decided then to work freelance for Black Star Agency. He believed that, “Photo is a small voice, at best, but sometimes – just sometimes – one photograph or a group of them can lure our senses into awareness. Much depends upon the viewer; in some, photographs can summon enough emotion to be a catalyst to thought” In 1948 W. Eugene Smith photographed the Country Doctor for life magazine, this is one of his most well known series. Smith visited Kremmling, which is a town in Colorado and spent just over three weeks documenting the life of the local doctor a Dr. Ernest Ceriani. According to the article that accompanied the photographs, “The town of Kremmling Colorado, 115 miles west of Denver, contains 1,000 people. The surrounding area of some 400 square miles, filled with ranches, which extend high into the Rocky Mountains, contains 1,000 more. Those 2,000 souls are constantly falling ill, recovering or dying, having children, being kicked by horses and cutting themselves on broken bottles. A single country doctor, known in the profession as a “g.p.”, or general practitioner, takes care off them all. His name is Ernest Guy Ceriani”. Smith tried to capture the details of Ceriani’s day-to-day responsibilities. He photographed the doctor and the people he was treating for various illnesses.
Magnum Photos. Portfolio – USA. 1948. Country Doctor W. Eugene Smith. [Online]. Available from: www.magnumphotos.com/C.aspx?VP3-SearchResult&ALID=2TYRYDDWML5P [Accessed: 25th January 2016].
Magnum Photos. Portfolio W. Eugene Smith. [Online]. Available from: http://pro.magnumphotos.com/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MAGO31_9_VForm&ERID=24KL5347YF [Accessed: 25th January 2016].
Time. Life – W. Eugene Smith’s Landmark Portrait: ‘Country Doctor’ [Online]. Available from: time.com/3456085/w-eugene-smiths-landmark-photo-essay-country-doctor [Accessed: 30th January 2016].
Alfred Stieglitz was an American photographer born in 1864, he died in 1946. He was trained as an engineer, but in 1890 he wanted to prove that photography could be used as a form of artistic expression, which can be seen in sculpture and paintings. He often used the weather in his images, photographing the rain or snow.
Alongside Alfred Stielgitz and Edward Weston, Paul Strand established photography as an art form during the 20th century. Strand was born in 1890 and died in 1976. Whilst traveling, throughout Europe and Africa, he took portraits, architectural images, and landscapes. He developed a technique known as Whistlering, which involved overlaying fuzzy ‘romanticism’ onto images which had been composed with flatten spaces, patterns or were high-contrast. He also photographed still life, which included doorways, rocks and driftwood.
Edward Streichen was a Luxembourgish American photographer, who was born in 1879. He also worked as a curator and a painter. His images were displayed in a room next to his studio, known as “The Little Galleries of The Photo-Secession”, known locally as 291. Many of his images are soft-focused.
Edmund Sumner is an architectural photographer. He inherited his appreciation of architecture from his family, who work in design and as architects. Coming from this background, he has a way of looking at structures that is different from other architectural photographers, he looks at them like an architect would and photographs based on that view. His style encompasses the structural shape and the resulting geometric style that is unique to that particular building. In 2003, he release a book called, The Architecture of Eden. He is now based in London, but also works across Europe and even in Japan. His images concentrated on the shapes of the structure. I particularly like this image of his,. I like the contrast of the yellow of the building and the artificial light against the sky. But I do feel that as he comes from a architectural background, whilst this should be an advantage, it may also be a hindrance as he could be missing other shots of the building, which could provide more information.
When I was researching different photographers I found Paolo Tangari. Tangari is a freelance photographer who is based in Italy. He specializes in advertisement, corporate, commercial and portrait imaging. His work has a geometric quality to it. He stated that “Even in outdoor scenes I always try to capture the shapes of urban nature, and bend them to my vision”. As I research his work further I found that he is a cosplay photographer. Cosplay is where someone dresses up as a character from a film, a comic or a book. His images are effectively portraits but the person is representing a character. It reminds me of someone putting on a mask and becoming a different person, which is shown in his images.
Mario Testino’s images have featured in several publications, including Vanity Fair, and Vogue. Testino has photographed for several well-known brands such as Lancôme, Chanel, Versace, Estee Lauder and Burberry. He was born in Peru in 1954. His images are often bright and engaging. He uses brightly colour make-up on his subjects, often with equally bright backgrounds.
Dimitris Theocharis is a fashion photographer, based in Covent Garden in London. He has created images for several well-known magazines including ELLE, Vogue, and Vanity Fair. His images are bold and often contain bold expression.
Based in New York, Lee Towndrow is a visual artist. His images are very eye-catching and artistic. He uses various techniques, from lightning to capturing movement. The image below with the paint is very eye catching. The yellow immediately catches your eye, and this is enforce by the black background. The persons face is also cover in black whereas their clothes are white. This image is simple but different. I like his image of the women walking in the woods. The blue tinge gives the image a nocturnal almost eerie feel. The lighting uses also adds to this feelings.
Jerry Uelsmann is a American photographer, who has also taught photography at universities. He was born in 1934, and graduated with his BFA, MS and MFA degrees. He received the Guggenheim fellowship in 1967, the national endowment for the arts fellowship in 1972 and became a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain. His work has been exhibited across the world. He uses photographic manipulation in his images. He mostly used composite images. To this day, he continues to use a darkroom over digital. His images leave the viewer wondering and drawing their own conclusion, which is his aim as he has stated that he likes the way that the viewer completes the image.
Nick Ut is a photojournalist, known for his image a children fleeing from a napalm bomb. He is also known for photographing Paris Hilton in the back of a police car when she was arrested.
Von Mack, A
Adam Von Mack is a London based photographer. His aim is to document emotions, by using instant moments, similar to candid style photography. He has worked for dozens of magazines, including Schon, Marie Claire, InStyle and Cosmopolitan. His images are high-contrast but are honest and show the emotions of the subjects.
Von Unwerth, E
Born in 1954, Ellen Von Unwerth is a director and photographer. Before becoming a photographer, she was a model, and now she has moved behind the lens. Her images have been published in several fashion magazines. Her style incorporated femininity and erotica.
Wade, L & D L
Lydon & David Lindsey Wade are brothers, both are photographers and are known as the Wade brothers. Both produce very different images. David’s images use real scenery but produces a graphic finish. Whereas Lydon images are mainly created in a studio setting. They have both produced images for dozens of companies such as Nintendo, Reebok, Western Union, WWE and Coke-Cola. They images tell a story, and have a narrative. They are staged and produced down to the last detail. I partically like image with people wearing skull masks, it has a powerful effect, when combined with the dark background and the shadow.
Andy Warhol was an artist born in 1928, he died in 1987. His style of photography is similar to a street photographer, he would carry his camera wherever he went and would capturing various images, from everyday life, to urban landscapes to celebrity parties. He would photograph people and treat his subjects as if they were all equal, he didn’t show a hierarchy.
Weston, E. H
Edward Henry Weston was born in Illinois on March the 24th 1886. His first camera was a Bull’s Eye #2 camera, which received when he was sixteen years old. His images are mainly of still life objects, he explored various techniques including soft focus. But in all, looking at his images I get the sense of detail even when the object he is photographing is small. This is further enhanced by the fact that his images are in black and white so there is nothing to distract from the main object.
Yuri Yasuda is a Japanese photographer, who specializes in portrait photography. Her images often have a light background and an abundance of light. The poses, and dress give her images a classic feel such as the women in the purple dress.
Connie Zhou is one of my favorite architectural photographers. Her images show the clean lines and curves of the structures. Her images are light and clean. She says, “The graphic lines of a building are what draw me in. I always tell people that I’m interested in photographing anything that looks like it can be from outer space, I think that best describes my work”.
Senol Zorlu is a Turkish photographer, who produces emotional portraits of people he has met. He is also a researcher for street children at the PH in Heidelberg. He wanted to explore the ethnographic images using the basis of scientific research methods.