Abbott, B 

Berenice Abbott was an America photographer born in 1898 and died in 1991. Her images are mainly portraits and documentary style. She experimented with different styles of photography through the decades. During the 1920s she focused on portraits. In the 30s she photographed New York, in a style similar to street photography. In the 1940s, she took a scientific approach to her images. After that she photographer scenes in America. Her images unite the busyness of the world with the people and makes it personal. I partically like her shots of New York.

Lumiere Gallery. Berenice Abbott. Available at: <; [Accessed: January 2016].

Adams, A 

Ansel Adams is a very famous American photographer, who is known for his black and white images of the American countryside. He was born in February 1902 and died in April 1984. I like his landscape images; they show the wilderness of America, mainly places that many don’t get to see.

Adams, E 

Eddie Adams was an American photojournalist, who was born in 1933 and died in 2004. As well as being a photojournalist, he would photograph famous people. He is noted for his images during the Vietnam War. His most recognizable image shows a man being executed by a member of the South Vietnamese police. The initial response to this image is that a civilian is being shot; this continues to be the case today. This is a classic case of an image where the meaning and what it is depicting has been taken out of context. In truth, the ‘civilian’ was called Nguyen Van Lem, aka Captain Bay Lop, he was not a civilian; in fact he was an assassin and the head of a death squad for the Viet Cong. This death squad had been responsible for killing hundreds of South Vietnamese Police Officers and their families. Lem was discovered right next to a mass grave, which contained several dead police officers alongside their families. Lem was taken to Ngoc Loan, who was a Major General, where Loan shot Lem in the street. When you first look at the image, without knowing the truth, it is easy to see how it can be misread, unfortunately this image had a huge effect on Loan’s life, which Adams has expressed his regret over. Looking at the image, it is a strong image, and it is a good example of what photojournalists sees and captures.

Airey, J

Janie Airey is a lifestyle and corporate photographer. Airey has worked for many companies, for example, Age UK, Air New Zealand, Debenhams, Interflora, IPCC, BBC, British Heart Foundation, T-Mobile, Cancer Research, Siemens and Bupa. Her work has been shown in the National Portrait Gallery. I had to look up what a lifestyle photographer captured and I found it seemed similar to candid photography. She utilizes the colours available and uses natural occurring lines in her images in a creative way. Her image have a ‘light’ feeling to them. She is based in London.


Airey, J. Home. Available at: <; [Accessed: January 2016].

Arbus, D 

Diane Arbus was an American photographer. She was born in 1923 and died in 1971. She would go out and approach people on the streets and ask to photograph them. In her series entitled ‘freaks’, she search for people that lived on the edge of society, people who had visible ailments and photographed them. For a research point in Context and Narrative, I looked into her image of a family on the street. I am not a fan of her work; to me there is an unsettling feeling in her images.

Atget Photography. Diane Arbus. Available at: <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Aslund, C

Christian Aslund has combined advertisement photography with a well-known platform game format. His images are taken from rooftops, where he uses the height to create a flatter image. He tells the models how to pose, often lying on the floor, and he goes to the top of the buildings and photographs them. This can encounter some problems, as the models have been approached by members of the public thinking they were injured. He used Donkey Kong, which is a well-known video game, which uses a 2D format. His images of different, and engage a place that is not often seen from that angle.

Phaidon. Christian Aslund. Available at: <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Atget, E 

Eugene Atget has been coined as the pioneer of documentary photography. He was born in 1857 and died in 1927. He single handily document the street of Paris before they got changed due to modernization. He took pictures of the urban landscape, the architecture and anything and everything noteworthy for Parisian culture. During this time, he took in excess of 8,000 negatives. He arranged these images into categories such as, Vehicles, Petits Metiers (Trader ad Professions) and Parisian Interiors. His images did not contain people in them, which I find interesting as people make up the city as much as the architecture.

Met Museum. Eugene Atget. Available at: <> [Accessed: March 2016].

Avedon, R 

Richard Avedon is an American fashion and portrait photographer. For his portraits he often capture motions as you can see in the images below. It adds an extra dimension to his images. His project American West, contains portraits of inhabitants of the ‘west’. Max Kozloff, who is an American Art Historian, stated that Avedon “wants to portray the whole American West as a blighted culture that spews out casualties by the bucket: misfits, drifters, degenerates, crackups and prisoners-entrapped, either literally or by debasing work. Pawns in his indictment of their society, his subjects must have thought they were only standing very still for the camera. Even those few in polyester suits who appear to have gotten on more easily in life are visualized with Avedon’s relentless frontality and are pinched in the confined zone of the mug shot…The blank, seamless background thrusts the figures forward as islands of textures of flesh, certainly, but also of cloth. Nothing competes with the presentation of their poor threads, nothing of the personal environment, nothing that might situate, inform, and support a person in the real world, or even in a photograph.” His portraits all have a clear white background, therefore nothing is distracting from the person. The whole of the viewers’ attention is on them. The images are in black and white, which has a classic feel to it whilst show the texture and emotions of the people. None of the people are smiling, they are just facing the camera, which makes me wonder how Avedon approached them, how he spoke to them, did he tell them to not smile, or was it how he approached them that made them look like this. They all agreed for the photographs to be taken, so this needs to be taken into account as well. His portraits remind me of Diane Arbus’s images, the looks on the subjects’ faces are very similar. Whilst his images, do reflect a culture, I have an uneasy feeling about them, I feel that they do not do the people justice.

Avedon Foundation. Richard Avedon. Available at: <> [Accessed: March 2016].


Bailey, D 

David Bailey has become one of the most famous photographers of our time. Born in England in 1938, he has photographed hundreds of celebrities and his work has appeared in dozens of publications. He became an ambassador for Olympus and still uses one to this day.

Beaton, C 

Cecil Beaton was a photographer and a writer. Born in 1904, he died in 1980. Beaton became a fashion photographer during the 1920s, then decided on a career change and became a costume designer. His main style of photographer was portraiture, where he would pose his subjects using unusual backgrounds. He also photographed conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and in Britain for the British Ministry of Informative.

Biography. Cecil Beaton. Available at: <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Blees, R 

Another way to capture architecture and urban landscapes are at night, using ambient lighting. It often produces an eerie feeling. One such photographer is Rut Blees Luxenburg. He is originally from Germany, and now teaches at the Royal College of Art. I like the contrast of the red against the ambient lighting of the city. I do find the streetlights quite overpowering though. But it does provide a nice effect, as the light looks like it is flooding into the darkness of the city.


Bourke-White, M

Margaret Bourke-White was a photojournalist who was born in New York in 1904. She concentrated on the people in her images. She believed that she had a knack of being in the right place at the right time.

Galley.M. Margaret Bourke-White. Available at: <> [Accessed: August 2016].


Brassai was a Romanian photographer, who was born in 1899 and died in 1984. Besides being a photographer, he worked as a sculptor, a draughtsman and a poet. He used to take photographs to use in his journalism and disliked it. Over time he started to like photography. His most famous work is that of Paris at night. I really like these photographs, as they have so much atmosphere in them. He uses the streetlights for his lighting, and you can see how this ambient light in reflected in the puddles but also how the lights illuminate one area and the rest is dark creating a eerie atmosphere.

Britannica. Brassai. Available at: <> [Accessed: July 2016].

Bussolati, L 

Luigi Bussolati is a photographer, who works in a reportage style but also creates scenes for the film industry. He has also researched light, and how it is represented and can be used to express.

Bussolati, L. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: November 2016].


Capa, R 

Robert Capa was a Hungarian photographer. He originally studies journalism and political science at the Deutche Hochschule Fur Politik, in Berlin. He had a part time job working in a darkroom. When he left Germany, he went to France. Whilst there he shared the same darkroom as Chim (David Seymour) and Henri Cartier-Bresson. He began working as a photojournalist, photography conflict. In the late 1930s, he moved to America, where he worked for magazines such as Time and Life. Alongside George Rodger, Chim and Henri Cartier-Bresson, they formed Magnum whish is a photography agency who provided images to the international market. Capa died in 1954, when he went to Hanoi, Vietnam to photography the French war there, he stepped on a landmine. According to Picture Post, Capa was “the greatest war photographer in the world”. I saw his photographs at an exhibition in New York, I felt that his image evoke emotion form the viewer. One of his more famous pieces of work was from the Normandy invasion. When he got them developed, a error from the darkroom technician caused all but ten of the photographs to be ruined. All of the ten that were saved, where blurred. This blurriness in the image is effective as it portrays the chaos and what happened on that day. But in an interview after, the blurred effect wasn’t his intention, “a new kind of fear shaking my body from toe to hair, and twisting my face”. He went on to say that his hands were trembling and he had difficulty reloading the camera film. So the blurred effect was created by accident but remains effective.

ICP. Robert Capa. Available at: <> [Accessed: June 2016].

Cartier-Bresson, H 

Born in 1908, Henri Cartier-Bresson was a French photographer, until his death in 2004. He coined the phase the ‘decisive moment’. He was initially interesting in paintings, in particular Surrealist works. Whilst traveling on the Ivory Coast, in 1932, he got a Leica camera, and became fascinated with photography. He founded Magnum Photos along with David Chim, Robert Capa, George Rodger, Seymour and William Vandivert. He stated that, “For me the camera is a sketch book, and instrument of intuition and spontaneity, the master of the instant which, in visual terms, questions and decides simultaneously. It is by economy of means that one arrives at simplicity of expression…to take a photograph is to alight the head, the eye and the heart. It’s a way of lie”. Many of Cartier-Bressons images are very recognizable, they have become iconic staples of photographic history. They has been a debate regarding the decisive moment. I can see what the decisive moment refers to but I’m still not a hundred percent sure about it, as I have found some pictures which people say are decisive moments but I can’t see it, for example the image of the young boy carrying some bottles, personally I don’t see this as a decisive moment.

Magnum Photos. Henri Cartier-Bresson. Available at: <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Cheng-De Winne, S
Born in Singapore in 1987, Sarah Cheng-De Winne is a singer, but also is a photographer. Her images are mainly portraits, in which she uses digital technique to create unique finishes. Such as the mirror effect and the combination of two images. Her images are simple yet distinct. Her models often have bold colour make-up or symbol painted on their faces.

Cowart, J 

Jeremy Cowart is photographer that features online a lot. He has been called “The Most Influential Photographer On The Web”. He has published four books so far, including Hope in the Dark, Awakening, The Poor Will Be Glad, and What Your Mark? He started his career as a painter, he went on to found a graphic design company, called Pizelgrazer, and then he started taking pictures. His images have a sense of mystery about them.

Cowart, J. About. <; [Accessed: February 2016].

Cunningham, I
Imogen Cunningham was an American photographer born in 1883. She studied Chemistry at the University of Washington in Seattle. After completing her studies she began working in the studio of Edward S. Curtis. Cunningham became known for her urban landscapes, her nudes’ images and her botanical photography. I partically like her botanical photography, in particular this one of a leaf, it is simple but has so much detail in it.

Cunningham, I. About. <; [Accessed: March 2016].


Demuynck, K 

Koen Demuynck is a photographer from Belgium. He is known for his production of surreal and staged images. His images are often complicated and contain several models. His images have a deeper meaning to them, like many staged photographs. The image with people dresses in colourful bodysuits, is quite quirky. If you look closely the people are also in the portraits on the walls, which adds another dimension the his image.

Didonna, M 

Michael Didonna is a American travel photographer. He graduated from Hampshire College after studying fine art and music. He states that his background in music has helped him develop ‘an authentically unique and powerful photographic style’. His images are powerful and impacting.

DiDonna, M. News. <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Doubilet, D
David Doubilet takes a unique approach to his photography. He mainly shoots underwater images. I have followed his work for a while, as it regularly features in National Geographic. His images are so clear and show a different perspective that we don’t generally see. They often feature sea life in them, my favourite images He has published five books, including Light in the sea, Eater Light, Time, The Kingdom of Coral: Australia’s Great Barrier Reef and Fish Face. His work has received countless awards, which I believe he deserves, as his images are truly stunning.

National Geographic. David Doubilet. Available at: <; [Accessed: April 2016].

Duffy, B
Brian Duffy was a very influential fashion photographer during the 1960s and the 1970s. His subjects included, models, celebrities, and singers. He was born in Britain in 1933 and died in 2010.


Eisensaedt, A 

Alfred Eisensaedt’s aim for his photography was “to find and catch the storytelling moment”. He was born in 1989 and died in 1995. He was born in Germany but moved to America and worked as a photojournalist. His most famous image is of a navy man kissing a women in the streets.

Britannica. Alfred Eisensaedt. Available at: <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Elder, M 

Marten Elder has an unusual take on capturing architecture, he effectively captures the ‘boring’ parts. He has been said to ‘capture banality at its best’. His aim is to dismantle the architecture in a visual but also in a physical sense. I remain on the fence with his images. I can see what he is trying to achieve but I am unsure whether I would class them as ‘art’. For example this image, whilst it shows as part of a building, it doesn’t catch my attention, it is just an image of a small part of a building.


Elder, M. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Erwitt, E 

Elliott Erwitt is a French photographer born in 1928. He moved to America and started working in a darkroom, where he processed ‘signed’ prints of celebrities. In 1951, he joined the army. After returning, he was invited to join Magnum photos by Robert Capa, where he was appointed President. He photographs concentrate on children and dogs. Erwitt has photographed dogs a lot during his career, he has even published four books with photographs of dogs. He often pictured the dogs in humourous situations and imagined them having human characteristic, which is what he has done in this image. He shows the contrast between a small Chihuahua and a person but also another much larger dog. All you can see of the woman and the larger dog is their legs, which in the image have similar characteristics. He is comparing the dogs with the human, with the large dog the small dog and the person. This image was taken in New York in 1946. I like his other image where a woman is sitting on the steps with a bulldog on her lap. The bulldogs face completely obscures her, so to humourous effect is looks as if she has the face of a dog.

Erwitt, E. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: March 2016].


Fellig, U 

Usher Fellig was born in 1899, he went by the name WeeGee. Fellig was a photojournalist who was known for his black and white street images. His images have a classic feel to them. He published several books before he died in 1968.

ICP. Fellig, U. Available at: <> [Accessed: May 2016].

Fischinger, M 

Mareen Fischinger investigated how far your can take staged photography in a digital world, in her series entitled ‘moments’. One of her images is of people sitting on a bus. Her series proves that you can go quite far with staged images. Her images can also be found as stock photos at Getty images, she has also been awarded several awards for her advertising campaigns.

The File Arts. Marion Fischinger. Available at: <> [Accessed: August 2016].

Fouillet, F

In his series Corpus Christi, Fabrice Fouillet explores the interior of churches that were built during the 50s and the 60s. His ‘personal research aims to are to explore the notion of identity and the close relationship of men with their environment’. He believes his images of the churches show ‘a new conception of the sacred’. His images tend to show a bright and light interior, he concentrates on the length of the building, as you would see it if you where walking up it. Fouillet also photographs still life. For example, the image below show a fish on a newspaper with jewellery marking out its shape. I was left wondering with this image, what it is trying to represent.

Fouillet, F. Info. Available at: <> [Accessed: May 2016].

Frank, R 

Robert Frank is a Swiss photographer, born in 1924. He started out as a fashion photographer for Harper’s Bazaar. But he soon left as he felt the work too limiting, and moved to America. In 1955, he received a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim memorial foundation. This allowed him to travelled around America, which developed into his work called The Americans. It took around nine months. He took over 28, 000 photographs on 767 rolls of film. He narrowed down to 83 photographs, which made up his series. Frank received harsh critism for his work; Popular Photographer stated that the photographs were “meaningless blur, grain, muddy exposures, drunken horizons and general sloppiness”. He stated that his intention was to capture emotion not to achieve technical perfection.


Geddes, A
Anne Geddes is known for her portraits of babies and children. Her images usually have a plain background which emphasis and draws attention to the child. She is passionate about her images, as well as caring for the children. She states that she believes every child should be protected, nurtured and loved, this care and attention is clear in her work. She captures their vulnerability and beauty in her images. She has published her images in several books, and has become a lifetime member at the Profession Photographers of America Association. She combines nature with children in her images to produce interesting results, as can be seen in the image with the twins with cabbages. “I have always been fascinated by elements of nature at the moment of transformation…Babies are the human face of beginnings, but all of nature is caught in this insistent stream of seasons, of aging and rebirth, of concealment and bursting forth Every time I unwrap a newborn, even after all these years of photographing them, I am Aware of the miracle before me”.

Geddes, A. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Gjestavng, A
Andrea Gjestvang is a documentary photographer, who investigates change in people. She looks at social mannerisms of various people and looks at how they ‘resist’ change. This gives her an opportunity to look at cultural and social issues. Her images show emotion and diversity.

BHPhotoVideo. Andrea Gjestvang. Available at: <> [Accessed: November 2016].

Gilbert, D
Dennis Gilbert photographs contemporary architecture. He has been based in London since the 1980s, and in 2005 he was awarded an Honorary Fellowship at the Royal Institute of British Architects. Despite not being an architect his contribution over the years has been extremely valuable. His images explore the reflective quality of glass and other transparent materials used in architecture today.


Gilbert, D. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: November 2016].

Grospierre, N 

Nicolas Grospierre is a Swiss photograph born in 1975. His images concentrate on angles, he uses architectural plans as his inspiration for his compositions. He describes his work as “On one hand documentary…and on the other conceptual”. I partically like his images of the sides of building, showing the windows, as the windows can show a lot about a building.

Grospierre, N. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: October 2016].

Gudermane, N 

Natasha Gudermane is a Latvian photographer. When she moved to Paris, she created a series entitled ‘Mademoiselles’. She states that it is an intimate exploration of Paris. For this project, she visited the homes of strangers, and she would photograph them without any clothes on. She doesn’t edit her photos and as such they are exactly as you see on the camera. She decided not to visit the buildings prior to the shot as she finds it better to be inspired by the moment and to improvise. Her images are interesting and tasteful. I find her project an interesting way to explore Paris.

Art Of Creative Photography. Mademoisells Paris Undressed. Available at: <> [Accessed: June 2016].

Gursky, A 

Andreas Gursky is a German photographer. He photographs places where a lot of people go, for example markets or places where tourists flock. His images have sold at auction for millions.

Tate. Gursky, A. Available at: <> [Accessed: September 2016].

WhiteCube. Andreas Gursky. Available at: <> [Accessed: September 2016].

Gustafsson, K 

Kalle Gustafsson is a photographer who specializes in advertising. Born in Sweden in 1970, Gustafsson has created images for brands such as Rolex, GQ, Neiman Marcus, Paul Smith and Jonnie Walker. Gustafsson uses beautiful landscapes as the setting for the images, with the main subject in the foreground. Using backgrounds like this, gives the product a unique luxury feel to it.

Laird, S. Kalle Gustafsson. Available at: <> [Accessed: August 2016].

Guttridge, N

Nick Guttridge is a architectural photographer, who gives his images a fine art look to create unique architectural images. I like his images as they have a warmth to them, and show spaces that you can relate to. His images are not clinical looking. Unlike many other architectural photographer, he includes people in his images, this further gives the viewer something to relate to. He uses the geometry as a base as well as exploring different angles.


Guttridge, N. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: December 2016].


Haas, E
Ernst Haas was born in 1921. He was essentially a photojournalist but used colour instead of black and white. He was very influential in making colour mainstream. He was offered a job as a staff photographer for LIFE Magazine after they saw his images of the Austrian Prisoners of war going home. He turned down their offer as he wanted to remain independent. In 1949, he became a part of Magnum, alongside Capa, Cartier-Bresson and Bishof. He was a pioneer for colour images, when he used a KodaChrome Colour Film and photographed New York. These images where later published in LIFE Magazine as a 24-page essay. His work went on to be shown in exhibitions over the world. He published four books entitled, The Creation (1971), In America (1975), In Germany (1976) and Himalayan Pilgrimage (1978). I like his image of the yellow car on the street. It is very atmospheric with the smoke and the people walking. The yellow of the car stands out and draws the viewers’ attention to it. He died in 1986.

Haas, E. Biography. Available at: <> [Accessed: July 2016].

Hager, A

Alexandra Hager is an Austrian photographer who was born in 1971. She is known for her portraits of people in Victorian clothing. She uses ‘odd’ backgrounds and uses modern digital manipulation to achieve her desired effect. The effect give the models a weird look, almost haunted and it gives me a strange feeling.

500 Photographers. Alexandra Hager. Available at: <; [Accessed: August 2016].

Halsman, P 

Phillippe Halsman was a photographer who produced unique images, usually with an unusual twist. In Montparnasses he opened a studio in 1934. His images regularly featured on the cover of Life. He became president for the American Society of Magazine Photographers, in 1945. He worked closely with Salvador Dali, his influence can be seen clearly in Halsman’s images. Some of his most recognizable works including people in motion, at the end of a photographic session he would ask his subject to jump, this produced a very interesting set of photographs. He believed that “Most people stiffen with self-consciousness when they pose for a photograph. Lighting and fine camera equipment are useless if the photographer cannot make them drop the mask, at least for a moment, so he can capture on his film their real, undistorted personality and character”.

Magnum Photos. Halsman, P. Available at: <> [Accessed: October 2016].

Hassett, B 

Ben Hassett is a portrait photographer. His work often involves models with a lot of make and design on them.

Hewitt, D

Daniel Hewitt wasn’t always a photographer, he started off studying architecture, philosophy and law. His background in architecture has influenced his images. I like the way many of his images combine nature and the buildings that have invaded that space. He concentrates on the urban cityscape, primarily in England. For example his image, combines the modern architecture with the trees. When I first looked at this image, I thought that the tree were a huge distraction but the longer I looked I realized that this combination of architecture and nature works, as it shows the two cohabiting together.


Hewitt, D. Profile. Available at: <> [Accessed: September 2016].

Hockney, D

David Hockney has become one of the key figures in pop art photography. Born in 1937, Hockney is a draughtsman, printmaker, stage designer, painter and a photographer. Whilst I like his images, I am not keen on the way they are presented.

Hoegsberg, S 

Simon Hoegsberg is coined with creating the longest photograph in the world, which is a massive achievement in it’s self. The images, “We’re All Gonna Die – 100 Meters of Existence”. It is 100 meters long and 78cm high. Hoesberg, created this image by using a composite technique. He took thousands of portraits of people, from a railway bright in Berlin, and then he joined them together. He took the images over a period of twenty days, from exactly the same spot, so the background and lighting remained similar. He didn’t pose the subjects, as they were naturally walking around the platform.

Guernica Magazine. Simon Hoegsberg. Available at: <> [Accessed: October 2016].

Hogan, T 

Timothy Hogan is a still life photographer. His images can be seen on billboards, in magazines over the world. He has created images for well-known brands in this technology, beverage, fragrances and design industries. His images are eye-catching and beautiful. They are simple yet they have impact.

Hogan, T. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: July 2016].



Jaxbec, C 

Ciril Jaxbec is a Slovenian photographer. In his series, entitled On Thin Ice, he travelled to various communities and photographed the effect of climate change and how they have effect the local communities. His images from Greenland are stunningly emotional and beautiful, he shows how these small communities are being effected in a sensitive yet enforcing way. In 2013, he won the Folio Review and the Leica Oskar Barnack Newcomer Award.

Phaidon. Ciril Jaxbec. Available at: <; [Accessed: March 2016].

Jingna, Z

Zhang Jingna is a Chinese photographer who is now based in New York. Jingna has taken an interesting take on fashion photography, by combing fashion with underwater photography. The effect that is produced is very mystical, the movement of the water creates way for some interesting texture in the models hair and clothing.

Jingna, Z. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: May 2016].


Kan, T 

Tom Kan, was born in Japan and works as a designer, a director and a photographer, and is now based in France. He has created images for films such as The Matrix. His images are very detailed but some I believe are too much for example this one.


Quad. Tom Kan. Available at: <; [Accessed: April 2016].

Karsh, Y 

Born in 1908, Yousef Karsh was an Armenian-Canadian Portrait photographer, who photographed many key figures during his working life. Time magazine has described Karsh as one of the great portrait photographers of the 20th century. His portraits show feelings, he combines usually a dark background with lighting on the subject to draw the viewers attention to them. His images have an intimate feel about them, it seems as if the viewer to so close to them. But I also see compassion in his work.

Karsh. Home. Available at: <; [Accessed: September 2016].

Kawa, E 

Edlo Kawa is a Hong Kong based advertisement photographer. He has photographed for companies such as Wonderbra, WWF, Carlsberg, and DHL. His images often have a play on something, either a certain colour or a humourous meaning. For example, the images of a statue with a man standing next to it, they both look quite similar.

The FWA. Eldo Kawa Photography. Available at: <> [Accessed: March 2016].

Kenna, M

I first saw Michael Kenna’s images in a photography magazine, and I immediately loved them, as they were so clear and composed. His images are in black and white and to achieve the effect he uses exposure times if up to 10 hours.

Kettner, T
Thomas Kettner is a German photographer who also works as a director, and a CEO. His work is a combination of creativity and technical craftsmanship. I like this images, as the contrast with the dark atmosphere with the gold and the model eyes is striking.

Kettner, T. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: March 2016].

Knudesen, K 

Kenrik Knudesen is a Danish photographer, specializing in portraits, street, and still life work. His images have a narrative to them, and his clever use of light makes way for some stunning images. You can see the cinematic influence in his photographs. My particular favourite is the in the diner. The use of the neon lighting gives a nice effect as the light pools around the surrounding area.

Burnham Niker. Henrik Knudsen. Available at: <,f=artist-bio/> [Accessed: April 2016].

Kobayashi, N

Nobuyuki Kobayashi is a Japanese photographer who uses platinum palladium photo prints to photograph nature. He was born in 1970 and started his photographic career as a fashion and portrait photographer. In “Portrait of Nature: Myriads of Gods” he photographed landscapes and nature. He stated that, “Since ancient times, Japanese people have built culture and values of their own through loving, honoring and making the effort to coexist with nature”…”The custom is almost completely forgotten now, that water is a source of life, and mountains as well as rocks and trees are dwelled by Gods”. By using the platinum palladium photo prints produce some gorgeous nature images.

PetaPixel. Photographer Makes Platinum Palladium Prints. Available at: <> [Accessed: March 2016].


Lange, D 

Dorothea Lange was a documentary and journalistic photographer. She was born in 1895 and died in 1965. She is credited as being one of America’s greatest documentary photographers. Her most famous images are those from the depression, when she worked for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Her images are thought-provoking and channel emotion.

History Place. Lange. Available at: <> [Accessed: April 2016].

LeCapelle, D 

David LeCapelle was born in 1963, in America, he works as a music video and film director as well as a fine art and commercial photographer. His images a bold and bright, and usually highly colourful. His photographs usually have some reference to historical art incorporated into them. LeCapelle has been an big influence on this generation of photographers.

LaChapelle, D. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: October 2016].

Leibovitz, A 

Annie Leibovitz is portrait photographer who has photographed many celebrities.

She was born in 1949, she has worked for Vanity Fair and also worked at the Rolling Stones. Where she developed a style of using bold colours and unique poses for her subjects. Her portraits show emotion, whether the subject is happy or looking thoughtful. One of her more striking portraits was for the film Les Miserables, as see below.

Biography. Annie Leibovitz. Available at: <> [Accessed: March 2016].

Leventi, D 

Born in 1978, David Leventi is an American photographer who has been photographing opera houses. He attended Washington University and completed a degree in Photography. His images have been published in several magazine, such as ESPN, FT Weekend Traveler, the New York Times, and Time Magazine. His images of inside opera house are rich and full of colour. They show the luxury of the building, and give the viewer the sense that they are there, perhaps about to see a performance. In contrast he also visited prisons, where he photographed them in the same style as he did the opera house. Comparing the two, you can clearly see the difference, the opera houses are luxurious whereas the prisons are grey and have an empty feeling to them. Emotion plays heavily on his images, the opera house implores an emotion of warmth, of grandness whereas the prison evokes a grim response. I like his images of the opera houses, as they are rich in colour and detail, overall I am not a big fan of his images of the prisons.


Leventi, D. CV. Available at: <; [Accessed: October 2016].


Maisel, J 

Jay Maisel, was born in 1931 and is known for his street photography. His images are very atmospheric, where he combines the weather, the streetlights, or the colour of the skies in order to create a simple but beautiful image.


Mapplethorpe, R 

Robert Mapplethorpe was born in 1946 and died in 1989. He was an American photographer, who mainly worked out of his studio in New York. He photographed ‘controversial’ subjects, including the BDSM scene. He was sensitive but his images can be blunt.

Marciat, F 

Francois-Xavier Marciat is a musician, a graphic designer as well as a photographer. He is known for his black and white images of landscapes of urban landscapes.

Mark, M E 

Mary Ellen Mark was an American photojournalist, who was born in 1940 and died in 2015. She attended the University of Pennsylvania and graduated with a degree in painting and art history in 1962.

McCurry, S 

Steve McCurry is an American photographer, born in 1950. He graduated from Pennsylvania State University with a degree in film. For many years, he mainly worked freelance for a local newspaper. He travelled to India, and got some of his more famous images. He has published over a dozen books, and his images have been displayed in dozens of exhibitions. He is a key figure in contemporary photography. He stated that, “What is important to my work is the individual picture. I photograph stories on assignment, and of course they have to be put together coherently. But what matters most is that each picture stands on its own, with its own place an feeling”. His portraits are iconic, they show emotion and convey the culture through very simple images. The majority have a simple or blurred background with a clear view of the subject. My favourite image of his is his most famous one. The girls eyes are very striking and drawn the viewers attention, as does her expressions.

Curry, S. Bio. Available at: <> [Accessed: August 2016].

Michals, D

Duane Michals use of photo sequences is a unique way to present journalist images. Michals was born in 1932, and was a photojournalist. Another unique feature of his work, was that he use handwritten text. His work is famous the world over, and as such he has received the CAPS Grant, a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship, the Foto Espana International Award, the International Center of Photography Infinity Award for Art and a Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts.

DC Moore Gallery. Duane Michael. Available at: <> [Available at: October 2016].

Muybridge, E

Eadweard Muybridge was born in 1830 and died in 1904. He was a filmmaker, an inventor and a photographer. He was one of the pioneers for moving pictures. When he moved to America, he took panoramic landscape images of the scenery of the West of America. He used a mobile darkroom, during this time. He also travelled to Alaska and photographed the Tlingit people. The former Californian ‘governor, Leland Stanford contacted Muybridge, to ask for his help to settle a bet he had made. Stanford wanted Muybridge to find out, using photography, whether all four hooves of a running horse left the ground at the same time. The movement was generally too fast to see by eye, so Muybridge began to investigate, he would photograph the movement in sequences. His first investigation indicated that all four hooves did leave the ground. Muybridge wanted to confirm this finding once and for all, so he worked on a better way of photographing the horses, and with this method he was able to prove it. After this he began photographing animals in motion.

Biography. Eadweard Muybridge. Available at: < death> [Accessed: November 2016].



Nachtwey, J 

James Nachtwey was a war photographer, who was born in 1948. He has been injured dozens of times during his career, he stated that “I get very calm when I’m in a firefight, But I get really nervous about speaking in front of an audience in Kristiansund”. His images are very powerful, they show emotion and pain.

BJP Online. James Nachtwey. Available at: <> [Accessed: November 2016].


Born in 1820, Nadar worked as a caricaturist, a journalist, a novelist, a balloonist and a photographer.

MetMuseum. Nadar. Available at: <> [Accessed: November 2016].

Newton, H

Born in 1920, Helmut Newton was a German Photographer. Newton dies in 2004 after a career as a fashion photographer. Newton’s images featured in many publications, in particular in Vogue. His images are quite provocative and some even erotic, being in black and white gives the images a classic nostalgic feel.

Nielson, C R

Cameron R. Nielson is an architectural photograph but has a unique way of capturing the buildings. Nielson is based in New York, and captures the buildings looking straight up, at street level. Her images capture the height of the buildings, which produces an interesting take on architectural photography, it provides a simple composition whilst being able to see the structures. The images are all in black and white, I believe this is a good choice as with the clear skies and the greys of the buildings, nothing detracts from the image, whereas with colour the image would look a lot different. I find this an interesting take on architecture, as it is shown from the view of a pedestrian in the middle of a busy city. It captures the skyline uniquely.


Nielson, C. R. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: April 2016].



Parr, M

Martin Parr is a British photographer born in 1952. His images are very bright, and uses unusual colours. He believes that published images have a power over the people, which he calls propaganda, he aims to counter this notion using seduction, criticism and humour. His images tend to explore how we live our lives, our humanity. He looks at how people identify themselves, for example national characteristics. He has published dozens of books and has exhibited over the world. He stated that, “With photography, I like to create fiction out of reality. I try and do this by taking society’s natural prejudice and giving this a twist”. I like the ideas behind his images, but I find some of them too ‘garish’.

Magnum Photos. Martin Parr. Available at: <> [Accessed: May 2016].

Penn, I 

Irving Penn was born in 1917. He worked as an assistant at Vogue magazine, where his job was to suggest ideas for the images on the covers. After a while, his boss allowed him to compose and photograph the covers. His images of still life are iconic, everything is balanced and the lighting is just right and not too harsh. I like the image of the melted cheese with the pear. The red pear contrasted against the rest of the image and adds a new texture and colour, as well as the cheese oozing out adds a different texture.

Hamiltons Gallery. Irving Penn. Available at: <> [Accessed: January 2016].

Prager, A 

Alex Prager, is an American filmmaker and photographer. His images are staged and designed to the last detail. He uses models and everything in his images have a place. He calls it ‘mise en scene’.



Ray, M 

Man Ray became a major influence of the Surrealist movement. He was a visual artist born in America.

Tate. Man Ray. Available at: <> [Accessed: June 2016].

Richardson, T

Terry Richardson is a well-known fashion photographer, but he may not be famous for all the right reasons. During his career he has received several complaints about his conduct during photo shoots. Jamie Peck, who is a journalist, claims she was abused by him, in one instance he grab her breast. She felt pressurized into allowing it to happen as she claims her agent told them to ‘make a good impression’. He had also had several lawsuits filed against him. There has even been a online petition entitled “Big Brands: Stop using alleged sex offender & pornographic Terry Richardson as your photographer”. He even goes as far as to remove his own clothes during photo shoots, he defends his decision by stating that it makes the models more comfortable when they pose naked. Gabriela Johansson stated that during her photo shoot, he ‘pushed aggressively’ for her to pose naked. Another model, Charlotte Waters, stated that she felt that she ‘was completely a sex puppy at this point’. His assistants have defended him, but many of the complaints also stated that the assistants were involved in helping him. But he denies all of these claims. He has also photographed celebrity portraits and has not received any complaints from them. His images are very explicit and there is a fine line between art and pornography and I believe his images fall into the whole side of that line. They have a way of making the viewer seem uncomfortable when looking at them.

NYMag. 2014. Terry Richardson Interview. Available at: <> [Accessed: July 2016].

Peck, J. 2014. Take It From Someone He Abused: Terry Richardson Is A Predator With A Camera. The Guardian. Available at:   <> [Accessed: July 2016].

Ritter, F 
German photographer, Florain Ritter was born in 1981. For close to two years, he travelled the world, during this time he photographed things he saw, when he returned he was dedicated to following photography as a career. He mainly concentrates on landscape photography. His images are stunning, the show contrast between the sky and the landscape, which also provides atmospheric images.


Ritter, F. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: June 2016].

Robinson, K 

Kait Robinson is a portrait fashion photographer. Her images have an affinity for retro styles. She doesn’t pose her subjects too much as she wants a natural look, she also avoids eye contact in certain images, as she wants to enforce the fact that the photographer is absent. Alex Prager is her inspiration. Her images are free, clear and bright, but there is something psychological about them. Similar to Gregory Crewdson and Jeff Walls work, there is some thing else there. Fro example, her image of a women lying on the bed, with the reflection through a window with the blinds and a man causing the shadow. This image has a very retro feeling, whilst incorporating something psychology for the viewers to work out.

PicsArt. Kait Robinson Fashion Photography. Available at <> [Accessed: July 2016].

Ruell, A

Aaron Ruell is an American photographer and director who creates bold, colourful images.  Ruell’s images are very detailed, which hails form his work as a director.


Salgado, S

Sebastiao Salgado is a Brazilian economist turned photographer. He first discovered photography when he wife gave me a Pentax camera. He stated that, “The First Time I Looked Through it I knew I had found a new way to relate to things…It was so fantastic to be able to freeze a moment and then to have it in my hands. From that moment photography became my life”. He eventually decided to quit his job and became a professional photography after taking his camera with him wherever he went. “Photography is not objective. It is deeply subjective – my photography is consistent ideologically and ethically with the person I am…One Photograph takes one 250th of a second to take…So If I Have An Exhibition That has 250 Pictures, that is just one second! I have just one second to tell a story”. In his work entitled Genesis, he aimed to photograph the places that are least touched by mankind. He described his work as “love letter to the earth and to the resilience of nature”. He wanted to photograph the elements that gave birth to life, fire, water and air. He started using a digital camera but has decided to treat it like a film, so he doesn’t check his images straight away. I really like his images, as they show nature at its rawest form, at it’s best.

Telegraph. Sebastian Salgado. Available at: <; [Accessed: June 2016].

Samaras, N
Nicholas Samaras is an underwater photographer. He is passionate and dedicated to the marine world and succeeds in capturing the beauty and importance of the sea.

Dive Photo Guide. Nicholas, S. Available at: <> [Accessed: August 2016].

Sherman, C

Cindy Sherman was born in 1954; she is an American film director and a photographer. She graduated from the Buffalo State College, and went on to take self-portraits, where she would create images, which challenged the stereotypes of woman. She used television, films and magazine for her inspiration in creating her images. Her images have sold for millions at auction. To me, some of her images seem overproduced and ‘fake’.

Tate. Cindy Sherman. Available at: <> [Accessed: December 2016].

Shields, J

Wedding photography is an important part of a couple’s day. Janae Shields is a wedding photographer based in San Francisco. She attended the Brooks Institute of Photography, and upon leaving decided to pursue a career as a wedding photographer. She has been awarded the Wedding and Portrait Photographers International Award. She utilizes natural daylight whilst incorporating nature and the couple into the images.

Shields, J. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: December 2016].

Shih, Q

Quentin Shih is a filmmaker and a photographer based in New York and Beijing. Shih started out taking photographs for local musicians whilst in college. He now creates images for brands such as Sony, Microsoft, Siemens and Adidas. He was named Photographer Of The Year in 2007 by Esquire Magazine in China. His images are often surround with darkness with the lighting concentrated on one particular part of the image.

Shih, Quentin. Profile. Available at: <> [Accessed: September 2016].

Smith, W E

W.Eugene Smith was born in 1918, he died in 1978. He began his photographic career, working at News-Week, however he was fired as he refused to use a medium-format camera. He decided then to work freelance for Black Star Agency. He believed that, “Photo is a small voice, at best, but sometimes – just sometimes – one photograph or a group of them can lure our senses into awareness. Much depends upon the viewer; in some, photographs can summon enough emotion to be a catalyst to thought” In 1948 W. Eugene Smith photographed the Country Doctor for life magazine, this is one of his most well known series. Smith visited Kremmling, which is a town in Colorado and spent just over three weeks documenting the life of the local doctor a Dr. Ernest Ceriani. According to the article that accompanied the photographs, “The town of Kremmling Colorado, 115 miles west of Denver, contains 1,000 people. The surrounding area of some 400 square miles, filled with ranches, which extend high into the Rocky Mountains, contains 1,000 more. Those 2,000 souls are constantly falling ill, recovering or dying, having children, being kicked by horses and cutting themselves on broken bottles. A single country doctor, known in the profession as a “g.p.”, or general practitioner, takes care off them all. His name is Ernest Guy Ceriani”. Smith tried to capture the details of Ceriani’s day-to-day responsibilities. He photographed the doctor and the people he was treating for various illnesses.


Magnum Photos. Portfolio – USA. 1948. Country Doctor W. Eugene Smith. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 25th January 2016].

Magnum Photos. Portfolio W. Eugene Smith. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 25th January 2016].

Time. Life – W. Eugene Smith’s Landmark Portrait: ‘Country Doctor’ [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 30th January 2016].

Stieglitz, A

Alfred Stieglitz was an American photographer born in 1864, he died in 1946. He was trained as an engineer, but in 1890 he wanted to prove that photography could be used as a form of artistic expression, which can be seen in sculpture and paintings. He often used the weather in his images, photographing the rain or snow.

MetMuseum. Stieglitz, A. Available at: <> [Accessed: September 2016].

Strand, P
Alongside Alfred Stielgitz and Edward Weston, Paul Strand established photography as an art form during the 20th century. Strand was born in 1890 and died in 1976. Whilst traveling, throughout Europe and Africa, he took portraits, architectural images, and landscapes. He developed a technique known as Whistlering, which involved overlaying fuzzy ‘romanticism’ onto images which had been composed with flatten spaces, patterns or were high-contrast. He also photographed still life, which included doorways, rocks and driftwood.

Encyclopedia. Paul Strand. Available at: <> [Accessed: December 2016].

Streichen, E

Edward Streichen was a Luxembourgish American photographer, who was born in 1879. He also worked as a curator and a painter. His images were displayed in a room next to his studio, known as “The Little Galleries of The Photo-Secession”, known locally as 291. Many of his images are soft-focused.

MetMuseum. Edward Streichen. Available at: <> [Accessed: December 2016].

Sumner, E

Edmund Sumner is an architectural photographer. He inherited his appreciation of architecture from his family, who work in design and as architects. Coming from this background, he has a way of looking at structures that is different from other architectural photographers, he looks at them like an architect would and photographs based on that view. His style encompasses the structural shape and the resulting geometric style that is unique to that particular building. In 2003, he release a book called, The Architecture of Eden. He is now based in London, but also works across Europe and even in Japan. His images concentrated on the shapes of the structure. I particularly like this image of his,. I like the contrast of the yellow of the building and the artificial light against the sky. But I do feel that as he comes from a architectural background, whilst this should be an advantage, it may also be a hindrance as he could be missing other shots of the building, which could provide more information.


Sumner, E. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: July 2016].


Tangari, P 

When I was researching different photographers I found Paolo Tangari. Tangari is a freelance photographer who is based in Italy. He specializes in advertisement, corporate, commercial and portrait imaging. His work has a geometric quality to it. He stated that “Even in outdoor scenes I always try to capture the shapes of urban nature, and bend them to my vision”. As I research his work further I found that he is a cosplay photographer. Cosplay is where someone dresses up as a character from a film, a comic or a book. His images are effectively portraits but the person is representing a character. It reminds me of someone putting on a mask and becoming a different person, which is shown in his images.


Tangari, P. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: November 2016].

Testino, M

Mario Testino’s images have featured in several publications, including Vanity Fair, and Vogue. Testino has photographed for several well-known brands such as Lancôme, Chanel, Versace, Estee Lauder and Burberry. He was born in Peru in 1954. His images are often bright and engaging. He uses brightly colour make-up on his subjects, often with equally bright backgrounds.

Theocharis, D

Dimitris Theocharis is a fashion photographer, based in Covent Garden in London. He has created images for several well-known magazines including ELLE, Vogue, and Vanity Fair. His images are bold and often contain bold expressions.

Theocharis, D. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: November 2016].

Towndrow, L

Based in New York, Lee Towndrow is a visual artist. His images are very eye-catching and artistic. He uses various techniques, from lightning to capturing movement. The image below with the paint is very eye catching. The yellow immediately catches your eye, and this is enforce by the black background. The persons face is also cover in black whereas their clothes are white. This image is simple but different. I like his image of the women walking in the woods. The blue tinge gives the image a nocturnal almost eerie feel. The lighting uses also adds to this feelings.


Uelsmann, J

Jerry Uelsmann is a American photographer, who has also taught photography at universities. He was born in 1934, and graduated with his BFA, MS and MFA degrees. He received the Guggenheim fellowship in 1967, the national endowment for the arts fellowship in 1972 and became a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain. His work has been exhibited across the world. He uses photographic manipulation in his images. He mostly used composite images. To this day, he continues to use a darkroom over digital. His images leave the viewer wondering and drawing their own conclusion, which is his aim as he has stated that he likes the way that the viewer completes the image.

Digital Photo Pro. Jerry Uelsmann Profile. Available at: <> [Accessed: April 2016].

Uelsmann. About. Available at: <> [Accessed: April 2016].

Ut, N

Nick Ut is a photojournalist, known for his image a children fleeing from a napalm bomb. He is also known for photographing Paris Hilton in the back of a police car when she was arrested.


Von Mack, A
Adam Von Mack is a London based photographer. His aim is to document emotions, by using instant moments, similar to candid style photography. He has worked for dozens of magazines, including Schon, Marie Claire, InStyle and Cosmopolitan. His images are high-contrast but are honest and show the emotions of the subjects.

Von Mack. Profile. Available at: <> [Accessed: July 2016].

Von Unwerth, E

Born in 1954, Ellen Von Unwerth is a director and photographer. Before becoming a photographer, she was a model, and now she has moved behind the lens. Her images have been published in several fashion magazines. Her style incorporated femininity and erotica.


Wade, L & D L

Lydon & David Lindsey Wade are brothers, both are photographers and are known as the Wade brothers. Both produce very different images. David’s images use real scenery but produces a graphic finish. Whereas Lydon images are mainly created in a studio setting. They have both produced images for dozens of companies such as Nintendo, Reebok, Western Union, WWE and Coke-Cola. They images tell a story, and have a narrative. They are staged and produced down to the last detail. I partically like image with people wearing skull masks, it has a powerful effect, when combined with the dark background and the shadow.

WideWalls. The Wade Brothers As Cool As You Get. Available at: <; [Accessed: August 2016].

Warhol, A 

Andy Warhol was an artist born in 1928, he died in 1987. His style of photography is similar to a street photographer, he would carry his camera wherever he went and would capturing various images, from everyday life, to urban landscapes to celebrity parties. He would photograph people and treat his subjects as if they were all equal, he didn’t show a hierarchy.

The Photographers Gallery. Warhol, A. Available at: <> [Accessed: February 2016].

Weston, E H

Edward Henry Weston was born in Illinois on March the 24th 1886. His first camera was a Bull’s Eye #2 camera, which received when he was sixteen years old. His images are mainly of still life objects, he explored various techniques including soft focus. But in all, looking at his images I get the sense of detail even when the object he is photographing is small. This is further enhanced by the fact that his images are in black and white so there is nothing to distract from the main object.

Weston, E. Home. Available at: <> [Accessed: July 2016].



Yasuda, Y

Yuri Yasuda is a Japanese photographer, who specializes in portrait photography. Her images often have a light background and an abundance of light. The poses, and dress give her images a classic feel such as the women in the purple dress.


Zhou, C
Connie Zhou is one of my favorite architectural photographers. Her images show the clean lines and curves of the structures. Her images are light and clean. She says, “The graphic lines of a building are what draw me in. I always tell people that I’m interested in photographing anything that looks like it can be from outer space, I think that best describes my work”.


Connie Zhou. Profile. Available at: <; [Accessed: August 2016].

Zorlu, S 

Senol Zorlu is a Turkish photographer, who produces emotional portraits of people he has met. He is also a researcher for street children at the PH in Heidelberg. He wanted to explore the ethnographic images using the basis of scientific research methods.

The Passenger Times. Senol Zorlu Best Photographers. Available at: <> [Accessed: August 2016].


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