Berenice Abbott was an America photographer born in 1898 and died in 1991. Her images are mainly portraits and documentary style. She experimented with different styles of photography through the decades. During the 1920s she focused on portraits. In the 30s she photographed New York, in a style similar to street photography. In the 1940s, she took a scientific approach to her images. After that she photographer scenes in America. Her images unite the busyness of the world with the people and makes it personal. I partically like her shots of New York.
Ansel Adams is a very famous American photographer, who is known for his black and white images of the American countryside. He was born in February 1902 and died in April 1984. I like his landscape images; they show the wilderness of America, mainly places that many don’t get to see.
Eddie Adams was an American photojournalist, who was born in 1933 and died in 2004. As well as being a photojournalist, he would photograph famous people. He is noted for his images during the Vietnam War. His most recognizable image shows a man being executed by a member of the South Vietnamese police. The initial response to this image is that a civilian is being shot; this continues to be the case today. This is a classic case of an image where the meaning and what it is depicting has been taken out of context. In truth, the ‘civilian’ was called Nguyen Van Lem, aka Captain Bay Lop, he was not a civilian; in fact he was an assassin and the head of a death squad for the Viet Cong. This death squad had been responsible for killing hundreds of South Vietnamese Police Officers and their families. Lem was discovered right next to a mass grave, which contained several dead police officers alongside their families. Lem was taken to Ngoc Loan, who was a Major General, where Loan shot Lem in the street. When you first look at the image, without knowing the truth, it is easy to see how it can be misread, unfortunately this image had a huge effect on Loan’s life, which Adams has expressed his regret over. Looking at the image, it is a strong image, and it is a good example of what photojournalists sees and captures.
Janie Airey is a lifestyle and corporate photographer. Airey has worked for many companies, for example, Age UK, Air New Zealand, Debenhams, Interflora, IPCC, BBC, British Heart Foundation, T-Mobile, Cancer Research, Siemens and Bupa. Her work has been shown in the National Portrait Gallery. I had to look up what a lifestyle photographer captured and I found it seemed similar to candid photography. She utilizes the colours available and uses natural occurring lines in her images in a creative way. Her image have a ‘light’ feeling to them. She is based in London.
Airey, J. Home. Available at: <http://janie-airey.com> [Accessed: January 2016].
Diane Arbus was an American photographer. She was born in 1923 and died in 1971. She would go out and approach people on the streets and ask to photograph them. In her series entitled ‘freaks’, she search for people that lived on the edge of society, people who had visible ailments and photographed them. For a research point in Context and Narrative, I looked into her image of a family on the street. I am not a fan of her work; to me there is an unsettling feeling in her images.
Atget Photography. Diane Arbus. Available at: <http://www.atgetphotography.com/The-Photographers/Diane-Arbus.html> [Accessed: January 2016].
Christian Aslund has combined advertisement photography with a well-known platform game format. His images are taken from rooftops, where he uses the height to create a flatter image. He tells the models how to pose, often lying on the floor, and he goes to the top of the buildings and photographs them. This can encounter some problems, as the models have been approached by members of the public thinking they were injured. He used Donkey Kong, which is a well-known video game, which uses a 2D format. His images of different, and engage a place that is not often seen from that angle.
Phaidon. Christian Aslund. Available at: <http://uk.phaidon.com/agenda/photography/articles/2013/february/20/christian-slund-takes-to-the-roof-in-hong-kong/> [Accessed: January 2016].
Eugene Atget has been coined as the pioneer of documentary photography. He was born in 1857 and died in 1927. He single handily document the street of Paris before they got changed due to modernization. He took pictures of the urban landscape, the architecture and anything and everything noteworthy for Parisian culture. During this time, he took in excess of 8,000 negatives. He arranged these images into categories such as, Vehicles, Petits Metiers (Trader ad Professions) and Parisian Interiors. His images did not contain people in them, which I find interesting as people make up the city as much as the architecture.
Met Museum. Eugene Atget. Available at: <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/atgt/hd_atgt.htm> [Accessed: March 2016].
Richard Avedon is an American fashion and portrait photographer. For his portraits he often capture motions as you can see in the images below. It adds an extra dimension to his images. His project American West, contains portraits of inhabitants of the ‘west’. Max Kozloff, who is an American Art Historian, stated that Avedon “wants to portray the whole American West as a blighted culture that spews out casualties by the bucket: misfits, drifters, degenerates, crackups and prisoners-entrapped, either literally or by debasing work. Pawns in his indictment of their society, his subjects must have thought they were only standing very still for the camera. Even those few in polyester suits who appear to have gotten on more easily in life are visualized with Avedon’s relentless frontality and are pinched in the confined zone of the mug shot…The blank, seamless background thrusts the figures forward as islands of textures of flesh, certainly, but also of cloth. Nothing competes with the presentation of their poor threads, nothing of the personal environment, nothing that might situate, inform, and support a person in the real world, or even in a photograph.” His portraits all have a clear white background, therefore nothing is distracting from the person. The whole of the viewers’ attention is on them. The images are in black and white, which has a classic feel to it whilst show the texture and emotions of the people. None of the people are smiling, they are just facing the camera, which makes me wonder how Avedon approached them, how he spoke to them, did he tell them to not smile, or was it how he approached them that made them look like this. They all agreed for the photographs to be taken, so this needs to be taken into account as well. His portraits remind me of Diane Arbus’s images, the looks on the subjects’ faces are very similar. Whilst his images, do reflect a culture, I have an uneasy feeling about them, I feel that they do not do the people justice.
Avedon Foundation. Richard Avedon. Available at: <http://www.avedonfoundation.org http://www.americansuburbx.com/2011/01/richard-avedon-richard-avedons-in.html> [Accessed: March 2016].
David Bailey has become one of the most famous photographers of our time. Born in England in 1938, he has photographed hundreds of celebrities and his work has appeared in dozens of publications. He became an ambassador for Olympus and still uses one to this day.
Cecil Beaton was a photographer and a writer. Born in 1904, he died in 1980. Beaton became a fashion photographer during the 1920s, then decided on a career change and became a costume designer. His main style of photographer was portraiture, where he would pose his subjects using unusual backgrounds. He also photographed conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and in Britain for the British Ministry of Informative.
Biography. Cecil Beaton. Available at: <http://www.biography.com/people/cecil-beaton-38501#later-years-and-death/> [Accessed: January 2016].
Another way to capture architecture and urban landscapes are at night, using ambient lighting. It often produces an eerie feeling. One such photographer is Rut Blees Luxenburg. He is originally from Germany, and now teaches at the Royal College of Art. I like the contrast of the red against the ambient lighting of the city. I do find the streetlights quite overpowering though. But it does provide a nice effect, as the light looks like it is flooding into the darkness of the city.
Margaret Bourke-White was a photojournalist who was born in New York in 1904. She concentrated on the people in her images. She believed that she had a knack of being in the right place at the right time.
Galley.M. Margaret Bourke-White. Available at: <https://www.gallerym.com/pages/margaret-bourke-white-biography> [Accessed: August 2016].
Brassai was a Romanian photographer, who was born in 1899 and died in 1984. Besides being a photographer, he worked as a sculptor, a draughtsman and a poet. He used to take photographs to use in his journalism and disliked it. Over time he started to like photography. His most famous work is that of Paris at night. I really like these photographs, as they have so much atmosphere in them. He uses the streetlights for his lighting, and you can see how this ambient light in reflected in the puddles but also how the lights illuminate one area and the rest is dark creating a eerie atmosphere.
Britannica. Brassai. Available at: <https://www.britannica.com/biography/Brassai> [Accessed: July 2016].
Luigi Bussolati is a photographer, who works in a reportage style but also creates scenes for the film industry. He has also researched light, and how it is represented and can be used to express.
Bussolati, L. About. Available at: <http://www.luigibussolati.com/about/> [Accessed: November 2016].
Robert Capa was a Hungarian photographer. He originally studies journalism and political science at the Deutche Hochschule Fur Politik, in Berlin. He had a part time job working in a darkroom. When he left Germany, he went to France. Whilst there he shared the same darkroom as Chim (David Seymour) and Henri Cartier-Bresson. He began working as a photojournalist, photography conflict. In the late 1930s, he moved to America, where he worked for magazines such as Time and Life. Alongside George Rodger, Chim and Henri Cartier-Bresson, they formed Magnum whish is a photography agency who provided images to the international market. Capa died in 1954, when he went to Hanoi, Vietnam to photography the French war there, he stepped on a landmine. According to Picture Post, Capa was “the greatest war photographer in the world”. I saw his photographs at an exhibition in New York, I felt that his image evoke emotion form the viewer. One of his more famous pieces of work was from the Normandy invasion. When he got them developed, a error from the darkroom technician caused all but ten of the photographs to be ruined. All of the ten that were saved, where blurred. This blurriness in the image is effective as it portrays the chaos and what happened on that day. But in an interview after, the blurred effect wasn’t his intention, “a new kind of fear shaking my body from toe to hair, and twisting my face”. He went on to say that his hands were trembling and he had difficulty reloading the camera film. So the blurred effect was created by accident but remains effective.
ICP. Robert Capa. Available at: <https://www.icp.org/browse/archive/constituents/robert-capa?all/all/all/all/0> [Accessed: June 2016].
Born in 1908, Henri Cartier-Bresson was a French photographer, until his death in 2004. He coined the phase the ‘decisive moment’. He was initially interesting in paintings, in particular Surrealist works. Whilst traveling on the Ivory Coast, in 1932, he got a Leica camera, and became fascinated with photography. He founded Magnum Photos along with David Chim, Robert Capa, George Rodger, Seymour and William Vandivert. He stated that, “For me the camera is a sketch book, and instrument of intuition and spontaneity, the master of the instant which, in visual terms, questions and decides simultaneously. It is by economy of means that one arrives at simplicity of expression…to take a photograph is to alight the head, the eye and the heart. It’s a way of lie”. Many of Cartier-Bressons images are very recognizable, they have become iconic staples of photographic history. They has been a debate regarding the decisive moment. I can see what the decisive moment refers to but I’m still not a hundred percent sure about it, as I have found some pictures which people say are decisive moments but I can’t see it, for example the image of the young boy carrying some bottles, personally I don’t see this as a decisive moment.
Magnum Photos. Henri Cartier-Bresson. Available at: <https://pro.magnumphotos.com/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MAGO31_9_VForm&ERID=24KL53ZMYN> [Accessed: January 2016].
Cheng-De Winne, S
Born in Singapore in 1987, Sarah Cheng-De Winne is a singer, but also is a photographer. Her images are mainly portraits, in which she uses digital technique to create unique finishes. Such as the mirror effect and the combination of two images. Her images are simple yet distinct. Her models often have bold colour make-up or symbol painted on their faces.
Jeremy Cowart is photographer that features online a lot. He has been called “The Most Influential Photographer On The Web”. He has published four books so far, including Hope in the Dark, Awakening, The Poor Will Be Glad, and What Your Mark? He started his career as a painter, he went on to found a graphic design company, called Pizelgrazer, and then he started taking pictures. His images have a sense of mystery about them.
Cowart, J. About. <http://jeremycowart.com/about/> [Accessed: February 2016].
Imogen Cunningham was an American photographer born in 1883. She studied Chemistry at the University of Washington in Seattle. After completing her studies she began working in the studio of Edward S. Curtis. Cunningham became known for her urban landscapes, her nudes’ images and her botanical photography. I partically like her botanical photography, in particular this one of a leaf, it is simple but has so much detail in it.
Cunningham, I. About. <http://www.imogencunningham.com/page.php?page=about> [Accessed: March 2016].
Koen Demuynck is a photographer from Belgium. He is known for his production of surreal and staged images. His images are often complicated and contain several models. His images have a deeper meaning to them, like many staged photographs. The image with people dresses in colourful bodysuits, is quite quirky. If you look closely the people are also in the portraits on the walls, which adds another dimension the his image.
Michael Didonna is a American travel photographer. He graduated from Hampshire College after studying fine art and music. He states that his background in music has helped him develop ‘an authentically unique and powerful photographic style’. His images are powerful and impacting.
DiDonna, M. News. <http://mobile.michaeldidonna.com/news/> [Accessed: January 2016].
David Doubilet takes a unique approach to his photography. He mainly shoots underwater images. I have followed his work for a while, as it regularly features in National Geographic. His images are so clear and show a different perspective that we don’t generally see. They often feature sea life in them, my favourite images He has published five books, including Light in the sea, Eater Light, Time, The Kingdom of Coral: Australia’s Great Barrier Reef and Fish Face. His work has received countless awards, which I believe he deserves, as his images are truly stunning.
National Geographic. David Doubilet. Available at: <http://www.nationalgeographic.com/contributors/d/photographer-david-doubilet/> [Accessed: April 2016].
Brian Duffy was a very influential fashion photographer during the 1960s and the 1970s. His subjects included, models, celebrities, and singers. He was born in Britain in 1933 and died in 2010.
Alfred Eisensaedt’s aim for his photography was “to find and catch the storytelling moment”. He was born in 1989 and died in 1995. He was born in Germany but moved to America and worked as a photojournalist. His most famous image is of a navy man kissing a women in the streets.
Britannica. Alfred Eisensaedt. Available at: <https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alfred-Eisensaedt> [Accessed: January 2016].
Marten Elder has an unusual take on capturing architecture, he effectively captures the ‘boring’ parts. He has been said to ‘capture banality at its best’. His aim is to dismantle the architecture in a visual but also in a physical sense. I remain on the fence with his images. I can see what he is trying to achieve but I am unsure whether I would class them as ‘art’. For example this image, whilst it shows as part of a building, it doesn’t catch my attention, it is just an image of a small part of a building.
Elder, M. Home. Available at: <http://martenelder.com> [Accessed: January 2016].
Elliott Erwitt is a French photographer born in 1928. He moved to America and started working in a darkroom, where he processed ‘signed’ prints of celebrities. In 1951, he joined the army. After returning, he was invited to join Magnum photos by Robert Capa, where he was appointed President. He photographs concentrate on children and dogs. Erwitt has photographed dogs a lot during his career, he has even published four books with photographs of dogs. He often pictured the dogs in humourous situations and imagined them having human characteristic, which is what he has done in this image. He shows the contrast between a small Chihuahua and a person but also another much larger dog. All you can see of the woman and the larger dog is their legs, which in the image have similar characteristics. He is comparing the dogs with the human, with the large dog the small dog and the person. This image was taken in New York in 1946. I like his other image where a woman is sitting on the steps with a bulldog on her lap. The bulldogs face completely obscures her, so to humourous effect is looks as if she has the face of a dog.
Erwitt, E. Home. Available at: <http://www.elliotterwitt.com/lang/en/index.html> [Accessed: March 2016].
Usher Fellig was born in 1899, he went by the name WeeGee. Fellig was a photojournalist who was known for his black and white street images. His images have a classic feel to them. He published several books before he died in 1968.
ICP. Fellig, U. Available at: <https://www.icp.org/browse/archive/constituents/weegee?all/all/all/all/0> [Accessed: May 2016].
Mareen Fischinger investigated how far your can take staged photography in a digital world, in her series entitled ‘moments’. One of her images is of people sitting on a bus. Her series proves that you can go quite far with staged images. Her images can also be found as stock photos at Getty images, she has also been awarded several awards for her advertising campaigns.
The File Arts. Marion Fischinger. Available at: <http://www.thefilearts.com/artists/profile/mareenfischinger> [Accessed: August 2016].
In his series Corpus Christi, Fabrice Fouillet explores the interior of churches that were built during the 50s and the 60s. His ‘personal research aims to are to explore the notion of identity and the close relationship of men with their environment’. He believes his images of the churches show ‘a new conception of the sacred’. His images tend to show a bright and light interior, he concentrates on the length of the building, as you would see it if you where walking up it. Fouillet also photographs still life. For example, the image below show a fish on a newspaper with jewellery marking out its shape. I was left wondering with this image, what it is trying to represent.
Fouillet, F. Info. Available at: <http://fabricefouillet.com/info/> [Accessed: May 2016].
Robert Frank is a Swiss photographer, born in 1924. He started out as a fashion photographer for Harper’s Bazaar. But he soon left as he felt the work too limiting, and moved to America. In 1955, he received a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim memorial foundation. This allowed him to travelled around America, which developed into his work called The Americans. It took around nine months. He took over 28, 000 photographs on 767 rolls of film. He narrowed down to 83 photographs, which made up his series. Frank received harsh critism for his work; Popular Photographer stated that the photographs were “meaningless blur, grain, muddy exposures, drunken horizons and general sloppiness”. He stated that his intention was to capture emotion not to achieve technical perfection.